Rai currently has sustained winds of 110 kph (70 mph), putting it just shy of typhoon strength (119 kph or 74 mph).
Favorable conditions across the region, including very warm ocean waters and low wind shear, will likely lead to steady strengthening up to landfall.
The current forecast from the Joint Typhoon Warning Center is for Rai to peak reach 165 kph (105 mph) at landfall. This would make Rai equivalent to a Category 2 hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale.
In the Philippines the storm is known as Odette and is being monitored locally by The Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA).
The outer bands of the storm will spread rain into the southern and central regions of the country Wednesday, according to PAGASA.
Thursday morning through Friday morning, the rains are expected to be “heavy to intense and at times torrential,” PAGASA said in its forecast bulletin early Wednesday morning.
More than 250 mm (10 inches) of rain will fall across portions of Mindanao and the Visayas. The intense rain is expected to cause widespread flooding, flash flooding, and landslides in higher terrain.
Wednesday is a day for preparations to occur ahead of the primary impacts. Conditions across the region are expected to steadily deteriorate Thursday, with the storm ultimately making landfall Thursday afternoon or evening local time (early Thursday morning ET).
In addition to the strong winds, flooding and landslides, coastal regions will be on alert for two to three meters of storms surge and shipping vessels will face extremely rough seas over the next several days.
December storms are not uncommon
In the West Pacific there is no defined “season” for tropical systems as there are in other basins like the North Atlantic (June 1 to November 30). While activity peaks in the late summer to early autumn, storms can occur in any month of the year.
The Philippines is no stranger to catastrophic storms in December. In the last decade, numerous intense and deadly storms have impacted the region.